Aside from the APA format, one of the most commonly used bibliography style is the MLA Bibliography format. This bibliography style was based on the MLA Style manual first published by the Modern Language of America in 1985. The rules and guidelines of the MLA Bibliography format differs a lot compared to the APA style. For years, this bibliography format has been the standard guide used by students, professional writers and researchers for their scholarly works. Many educational institutions have also adopted this style in listing references and sources.
Here are the basic rules and guidelines specified by the MLA style manual for the MLA bibliography format.
1. The spacing between each text should be double-spaced.
2. In MLA style, the name of the publications should be written in Italics, however, if you are using a typewriter or by hand the name of the publications must be underlined since there is no way that you can italicized words using a typewriter.
3. Use a new page separate from the text for your list of sources with the centered title. List all the entries alphabetically based upon the last name of the authors. However, if there was no author’s name you still list them alphabetically by its title ignoring the articles The, A, and An.
4. Abbreviate the names of the months in the list of sources excluding the months of May, June and July but spell out all of them when use in the main text of the paper. Be consistent on the format of the date you used which can be either month-day-year style (July 22, 1999) or day-month-year style (22 July 1999). If you used the month-day-year style just make sure that you add a comma right after the year not unless there was a punctuation mark in it.
5. A hanging indent was used for any MLA citations which mean the first line of very entry must me flush left while the next lines will be indented ½”.
6. The MLA style manual emphasizes the use of title case capitalization. The first, the second and all the principal words should be capitalized including also the words that follow hyphens in compound terms. Except from the words of designation that follows a period, lowercase abbreviations should be used in identifying the parts of the work such as the word editor and volume.
7. The author’s name, book title, and the information about the publication should be separated using a period followed by one space. To separate the subtitles from the title use a colon and a space.